Mesa city, Arizona

USA > Arizona > Mesa city > Maricopa County (part)

Mesa city - Maricopa County (part), Arizona

Maricopa County (part), Arizona
Founded:1878
Population
- Total:439.041 (2010)
- Density:3.204,7/sq mi (1.240,2/sq km)
Area code(s):480
Time zone:MST (UTC-7)
Summer Time zone:no DST
Website:www.mesaaz.gov
Area
- Total:138 sq mi (356 sq km)
- Land:137 sq mi (354 sq km)
- Water:1 sq mi (2 sq km)
- % water:0,56 %
Latitude:+33.4092537
Longitude:-111.7404850

Mesa city - Maricopa County (part) is located in the state of Arizona. It occupies the area of 138 square miles. 1 square miles are water areas and 137 square miles remain for land areas. Center of the Maricopa County (part) lies at +33.4092537, -111.7404850 coordinates. According to the 2010 Census, there are 439.041 living in the Maricopa County (part). The racial makeup shows these 3 races as the most frequent : White (77.12%), Some Other Race (11.29%) and Black or African American (3.48%). Median age is 33 for the males and 36 for the females.

Statistical data for the Maricopa County (part) based on the 2010 U.S. Census

Racial makeup

Total
439,041
White alone
338,59177.12 %
Black or African American alone
15,2893.48 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
10,3772.36 %
Asian alone
8,4931.93 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
1,6720.38 %
Some Other Race alone
49,57811.29 %
Two or More races
15,0413.43 %

History of Mesa

The first settlers in the area were a group of Mormons who were instructed to establish a settlement in Arizona and who in 1877 arrived at Lehi, at the edge of present-day mesa. At the same time, another group of settlers, called the First Mesa Company, arrived and did not join the settlement at Lehi but rather formed their own, on top of a mesa. Another company came in 1879 and established a settlement called Stringtown. In the late 1800s, Lehi (called Fort Utah at the time) was flooded and the other, more elevated settlement (present-day Mesa) to flourish. Mesa City was established in 1878 and incorporated in 1883. Two years later, the Mesa Canal was widened enough to support a power plant, which provided enough capital for the expenditures in the city until the 1960s.

By 1940 Mesa became the third largest city in Arizona. Its population consisted of Mormons, the Hispanics and Native American, combined with African American families and Chinese and Japanese Americans. With the World War II, Falcon Field Airport and Williams Air Force Base were established as training sites for British and American pilots and when the war ended many military families remained in Mesa, contributing to the city’s growing population. In the 1960s the city switched from farming (primarily citrus and cotton) to high-tech industries. Today aviation industry continues to boost the local economy and remains one of the most important sectors in Mesa.

Geography and Climate

Mesa is located in the Sonoran Desert, bordered by Tempe to the west, Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community to the north, Chandler and Gilbert to the south and Apache Junction to the east. It lies at 1,241 feet above sea level and somehow manages to combine topographical elements such as desert, mountain and water.

The city has a desert climate, with mild winters and hot summers. It gets an average of 320 days of sunshine annually.

Mesa occupies an area of 125.18 square miles and lies in the Mountain Standard Time Zone (UTC-7).  

Mesa has a very large area and a long east to west travel distance (more than 18 miles), which is why it is commonly divided into East Mesa and West Mesa.

Population of Mesa

In 2010, Mesa had a population of 439,041. The racial makeup was 64.3% non-Hispanic White, 26.54% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 3.5% Black or African American, 2.4% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 3.4% some other race and 5.8% some other race.

The median household income was $42,817 and the per capita income was $19,601. About 8.9% of the population lived below the poverty line in 2010.

Economy and Industry

Mesa is a major center of aeronautical industries, from manufacturing to training and education. Boeing has a control panel design and installation facility at Falcon Field Airport and also has a Training Services and Systems center. Other companies and facilities related to aviation include Arizona Aviation, Eagle’s Roost Aviation Services and Professional Flight Instruction.

Machinery is also a large industry in Mesa, with companies such as TRW Vehicle Safety Systems, Inc., Empire Southwest Machinery and Empire Regional Training Center.

Largest employers in Mesa include Mesa Public Schools, Banner Health, Boeing, City of Mesa, Mesa Community College, Wal-Mart, Empire Southwest, County of Maricopa, Rural/Metro and Bashas.

Culture, Arts and Events

Mesa Arts Center, opened in 2005, is the largest arts center in Arizona and includes performing arts facilities, galleries and studios. Other notable cultural institutions in the city include Mesa Amphitheatre, Mesa Historical Museum, Arizona Museum of Natural History, Mesa Grande Ruins, Park of the Canals and Mesa Arizona Temple.

Mesa has only one skyscraper - the Bank of America building.

Some of the most popular seasonal and annual events in Mesa include Blues Blast at the Mesa Amphitheatre, Old World Folk Music Festival, Cinco de Mayo and Fourth of July festivities, Mesa Pow Wow and Sculptures in the Streets.

HoHoKam Park is the home to the Chicago Cubs during the Cactus League spring trainings.

Education

As for the higher education, Mesa is home to the Mesa Community College, the largest of the Maricopa Community Colleges. There is also the Polytechnic campus of the Arizona State University, the A.T. Still University’s Osteopathic Medical School and the aviation school CAE Global Academy Phoenix.

Transportation

Mesa does not have an interstate highway passing through but it is served instead by the U.S. Route 60 (known as the Superstition Freeway), the State Route 87, Loop 101 and Loop 202.

The city is served by two airports: Falcon Field, which is today a city-owned, public use airport, and Phoenix-Mesa Gateway Airport, which provides limited air service to Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport.

Statistical data for the Mesa city - Maricopa County (part), Arizona

Data Source : US Census Bureau

Racial makeup

Total
439,041
White alone
338,59177.12 %
Black or African American alone
15,2893.48 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
10,3772.36 %
Asian alone
8,4931.93 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
1,6720.38 %
Some Other Race alone
49,57811.29 %
Two or More races
15,0413.43 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin

Total
439,041
Not Hispanic or Latino
323,28873.64 %
Hispanic or Latino
115,75326.36 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race

Total
439,041
Not Hispanic or Latino
323,28873.64 %
White alone
282,50587.38 %
Black or African American alone
14,1014.36 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
8,3592.59 %
Asian alone
8,1742.53 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
1,5320.47 %
Some Other Race alone
5550.17 %
Two or More races
8,0622.49 %
Hispanic or Latino
115,75326.36 %
White alone
56,08648.45 %
Black or African American alone
1,1881.03 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
2,0181.74 %
Asian alone
3190.28 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
1400.12 %
Some Other Race alone
49,02342.35 %
Two or More races
6,9796.03 %

Median Age by Sex

Both sexes
35
Male
33
Female
36

Household Type

Total
165,374
Family households
108,86865.83 %
Husband-wife family
78,46972.08 %
Other family
30,39927.92 %
Male householder, no wife present
9,59331.56 %
Female householder, no husband present
20,80668.44 %
Nonfamily households
56,50634.17 %
Householder living alone
43,96377.80 %
Householder not living alone
12,54322.20 %

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Map of Mesa city - Maricopa County (part), Arizona

Actual weather in Mesa city - Maricopa County (part), Arizona

City Alias ZIP Codes
KayentaBlack Mesa86033
MesaMesa85201, 85213, 85214, 85215, 85216, 85274, 85275, 85277, 85212, 85211, 85210, 85202, 85203, 85204, 85205, 85206, 85207, 85208, 85209
PolaccaFirst Mesa86042
Second MesaMishongnovi86043
Second MesaSecond Mesa86043
Second MesaShipolovi86043
Second MesaShongopovi86043
Second MesaToreva86043
Teec Nos PosRed Mesa86514
Tuba CityCoal Mine Mesa86045

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