Fresno city, California

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Fresno city - Fresno County (part), California

Fresno County (part), California
Founded:1872
Incorporated:October 12, 1885
Population
- Total:494.665 (2010)
- Density:4.416,7/sq mi (1.705,7/sq km)
Area code(s):559
Time zone:PST (UTC−8)
Summer Time zone:PDT (UTC−7)
Website:www.fresno.gov
Area
- Total:113 sq mi (291 sq km)
- Land:112 sq mi (290 sq km)
- Water:1 sq mi (1 sq km)
- % water:0,34 %
Latitude:+36.7817705
Longitude:-119.7919484

Fresno city - Fresno County (part) is located in the state of California. It occupies the area of 113 square miles. 1 square miles are water areas and 112 square miles remain for land areas. Center of the Fresno County (part) lies at +36.7817705, -119.7919484 coordinates. According to the 2010 Census, there are 494.665 living in the Fresno County (part). The racial makeup shows these 3 races as the most frequent : White (49.59%), Some Other Race (22.64%) and Asian (12.64%). Median age is 28 for the males and 30 for the females.

Statistical data for the Fresno County (part) based on the 2010 U.S. Census

Racial makeup

Total
494,665
White alone
245,30649.59 %
Black or African American alone
40,9608.28 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
8,5251.72 %
Asian alone
62,52812.64 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
8490.17 %
Some Other Race alone
111,98422.64 %
Two or More races
24,5134.96 %

History of Fresno

San Joaquin Valley was originally inhabited by the Yokut people. The first explorers in the area were the Spanish, who named it after many white ash trees that grew along the San Joaquin River. They, however, did not settle the area of present-day Fresno, which remained undeveloped until the late 19th century. The main problem with this area was the hostility of the native Indian tribes. Unlike many other California cities, Fresno did not get its start during the Gold Rush. Gold prospectors generally just passed through the area on their way to the Sierras and did not build any settlements there. The County of Fresno was established in 1856 and after the Gold Rush the area where Fresno will later be built was mainly used for cattle grazing.

The first permanent settlement was established in 1860 by a Dutch immigrant and several others. Initially, this was hardly an actual town; it was rather just a cluster of houses. It was only in 1872, when the Central Pacific Railroad passed through the Valley, that the plan for the town was laid out. It was initially called Fresno Station, after the county. At the time, the seat of Fresno County was Millerton, which did not have access to the railroad. The residents of Millerton then voted to transfer the county seat to Fresno Station and the entire town’s population also moved there. The town was initially desolate, rough, with barren countryside. However the residents pulled together, introduced irrigation systems and started growing grapes and Fresno started its first real period of development.

In 1885 Fresno was incorporated as a city and its population grew with the influx of European immigrants, especially Italians, Swiss and French. These immigrants brought their own winemaking traditions; however, the white grapes cultivated in and around Fresno were not good for wine. Instead, the area started producing raisins and soon became one of the largest markets for this product. Another significant product was figs.

By the beginning of the 20th century the population in Fresno grew to 12,500 inhabitants and in the following decades its agriculture-based economy flourished. By the end of the World War II, Fresno became a major metropolitan area, with many ethnic neighborhoods such as Little Armenia, Little Italy, German Town and Chinatown.

Geography and Climate

Fresno is located very near the geographical center of California. Many large urban centers and recreation areas (Yosemite National Park, Sierra National Forest, Sequoia National Park) are located at a comfortable distance. The city sits at the junction of I-41 and I-99 which makes it the gateway to many of those places, especially for visitors from Los Angeles.

Fresno occupies an area of 112.3 square miles, of which only 0.3% is water. It has a semi-arid climate, with Mediterranean characteristics. Winters are usually mild and wet and summers are hot and dry.

Neighborhoods of Fresno

The city has many neighborhoods and the most well-known ones include Downtown (with its famous, although non demolished Vagabond Hotel, the historic Fulton Mall and the Chinatown), Sunnyside, Old Fig Garden, Tower District (with the historic Tower Theatre, with a vibrant and active indie, punk, goth and heavy metal community and also a large LGBT community), Huntington Boulevard, Van Ness Extension, West Side, Woodward Park and Sierra Sky Park (one of the first residential airport communities in the nation).

Population

In 2010, Fresno had a population of 494,665, of which Hispanics or Latinos made up for 46.9%, 32.7% were non-Hispanic Whites, 12.6% Asian, 8.3% African American or Black, 1.7% Native American, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 22.6% some other race and 5.0% two or more races.

Ever since it was first founded, Fresno has had a sizeable Armenian population the first immigrants came in the late 1880s and then a large wave of immigration followed after the Armenian Genocide. The last major wave of Armenian immigrants came from Germany during and after the World War II. The famous Armenian American author William Saroyan, whose many works are centered around Armenian communities in California, was born and died in Fresno.

Economy

Fresno County is one of the leading agricultural counties in the United States. Fresno and other places in the county are major producers of nuts, grains, rice, melons and various vegetables. Of course, the city has other large economic sectors on which it relies, especially trade, commerce and finance.

One of the largest companies with headquarters in Fresno is Sony Music Distribution/Sony Computer Entertainment.

The largest employers in the city are Community Medical Centers, City of Fresno, Kaiser Permanente, Saint Agnes Medical Center, Quinn CAT, Foster Farms, AT&T, Cargill Meat Solutions, Zacky Farms and Aetna.

Culture and Attractions

Fresno is home of the Artists’ Repertory Theatre, Fresno Grand Opera and Fresno Philharmonic. It has a number of historic theatres, most notably the Tower Theatre, Warnors Theatre, Saroyan Theatre and Azteca Theater.

Some of the most popular destinations and attractions in the city include Discovery Center, Forestiere Underground Gardens, African-American Museum of the San Joaquin Valley, Fresno Art Museum, Fresno’s Chaffee Zoo and Kearney Mansion Museum.

Major annual events in Fresno include Cinco de Mayo at Fulton Mall, Big Fresno Fair, Art Hop, Christmas Tree Lane, Fresno Film Festival, Greek Fest and others.

Education in Fresno

Top institutions of higher education in Fresno include Fresno City College, California State University in Fresno, Fresno Pacific University, DeVry University, Heald College, San Joaquin Valley College, California Christian College, Alliant International University and University of Phoenix, Central Valley Campus.

Transportation

Fresno is the largest city in the USA without a direct link to an interstate highway. The primary airport is Fresno Yosemite International Airport. Amtrak provides passenger rail service (San Joaquins train) and public transit is provided by Fresno Area Express. Greyhound and Orange Belt Stages provide intercity bus service.

Statistical data for the Fresno city - Fresno County (part), California

Data Source : US Census Bureau

Racial makeup

Total
494,665
White alone
245,30649.59 %
Black or African American alone
40,9608.28 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
8,5251.72 %
Asian alone
62,52812.64 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
8490.17 %
Some Other Race alone
111,98422.64 %
Two or More races
24,5134.96 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin

Total
494,665
Not Hispanic or Latino
262,61053.09 %
Hispanic or Latino
232,05546.91 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race

Total
494,665
Not Hispanic or Latino
262,61053.09 %
White alone
148,59856.59 %
Black or African American alone
37,88514.43 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
3,1271.19 %
Asian alone
60,93923.21 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
6630.25 %
Some Other Race alone
9840.37 %
Two or More races
10,4143.97 %
Hispanic or Latino
232,05546.91 %
White alone
96,70841.67 %
Black or African American alone
3,0751.33 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
5,3982.33 %
Asian alone
1,5890.68 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
1860.08 %
Some Other Race alone
111,00047.83 %
Two or More races
14,0996.08 %

Median Age by Sex

Both sexes
29
Male
28
Female
30

Household Type

Total
158,349
Family households
111,52970.43 %
Husband-wife family
69,28462.12 %
Other family
42,24537.88 %
Male householder, no wife present
11,69827.69 %
Female householder, no husband present
30,54772.31 %
Nonfamily households
46,82029.57 %
Householder living alone
35,06474.89 %
Householder not living alone
11,75625.11 %

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City Alias ZIP Codes
FresnoAetna Life And Casualty93765
FresnoCa State University Fresno93740
FresnoCalwa93745, 93725
FresnoFresno93764, 93761, 93760, 93750, 93747, 93745, 93888, 93744, 93741, 93755, 93740, 93737, 93765, 93771, 93844, 93794, 93793, 93792, 93791, 93790, 93786, 93779, 93778, 93777, 93776, 93775, 93774, 93773, 93772, 93730, 93650, 93715, 93714, 93712, 93711, 93710, 93709, 93708, 93707, 93716, 93706, 93705, 93704, 93703, 93702, 93701, 93717, 93727, 93726, 93725, 93728, 93724, 93723, 93722, 93721, 93718, 93720, 93729
FresnoFresno Bee93786
FresnoFresno City College93741
FresnoFresno City Utilities93764
FresnoFresno Cnty Social Svc Dept93750
FresnoFresno State University93740
FresnoFresno Superior Court93724
FresnoFrs93650
FresnoIrs Service Center93844, 93888
FresnoMalaga93725
FresnoPacific Gas And Electric93760
FresnoPinedale93650
FresnoRolinda93706
FresnoUnited Faith Found93761

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