Sacramento city, California

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Sacramento city - Sacramento County (part), California

Sacramento County (part), California
Nickname(s):River City, Sac-Town, Sac, Sacto, The Indomitable City, Camellia City of the World, City of Trees, The Big Tomato
Population
- Total:466.488 (2010)
- Density:4.712,0/sq mi (1.836,6/sq km)
Area code(s):916
Time zone:PST (UTC−8)
Summer Time zone:PDT (UTC−7)
Website:www.cityofsacramento.org
Area
- Total:101 sq mi (260 sq km)
- Land:99 sq mi (254 sq km)
- Water:3 sq mi (6 sq km)
- % water:2,31 %
Latitude:+38.5691113
Longitude:-121.4735027

Sacramento city - Sacramento County (part) is located in the state of California. It occupies the area of 101 square miles. 3 square miles are water areas and 99 square miles remain for land areas. Center of the Sacramento County (part) lies at +38.5691113, -121.4735027 coordinates. According to the 2010 Census, there are 466.488 living in the Sacramento County (part). The racial makeup shows these 3 races as the most frequent : White (45.02%), Asian (18.33%) and Black or African American (14.65%). Median age is 32 for the males and 34 for the females.

Statistical data for the Sacramento County (part) based on the 2010 U.S. Census

Racial makeup

Total
466,488
White alone
210,00645.02 %
Black or African American alone
68,33514.65 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
5,2911.13 %
Asian alone
85,50318.33 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
6,6551.43 %
Some Other Race alone
57,57312.34 %
Two or More races
33,1257.10 %

History of Sacramento

The Sacramento River and its valley were first discovered either in 1799 or in 1808 by a Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga. The explorers described the region as very beautiful, peaceful and green. The air was so beneficial and pleasant for them they said it was like the Holy Sacrament, which is how the city got its name. The first permanent trading colony was established by a Swiss pioneer John Sutter in 1839, who basically started the agricultural economy in the area. There was a sudden and significant increase in population after gold was discovered in the area in 1848. The discovery of gold and the consequent gold rush in the Sacramento area were crucial for the city’s development. The city charter was adopted in 1849 and the following year Sacramento was incorporated.

Mid 19th century, large groups of Chinese immigrants started arriving to California and many settled in Sacramento, which, at the time, was the second largest Californian city, after San Francisco. At first, the local population was not pleased with the newcomers who quickly established Chinatown in Sacramento. However, despite the open hatred they had to face, the Chinese participated actively in the development of the city, of railroads and buildings, and today they are recognized as one of the vital parts in the history and society of Sacramento.

Throughout the 19th century, Sacramento was an important distribution and transportation center and one of the most important cities on the West Coast. It became the capital of California in 1854. The city was the western end of the Pony Express and of the First Transcontinental Railroad. The city suffered a great setback when it was devastated by floods and consequent cholera epidemics on two occasions- in 1850 and in 1861. However, despite having brought so much devastation to the city, the two rivers- America and Sacramento- were vital for the economic development of Sacramento. Sacramento is known by many as “The River City”, not only because of the importance of two rivers for the economy but also because they are major attractions for rafters and kayakers, and also because the Sacramento River, with its deep-water port, provides a quick and easy connection with the San Francisco Bay Area.

Sacramento Economy

The economy of Sacramento is today based largely on government, which is the largest employer in the city. Transportation is still a large sector and other industries include hospitality, tourism and leisure, information technology, health services, education, research, business services and construction. Some of the major companies based in Sacramento include Sutter Health, Aerojet, Blue Diamond Growers, The McClatchy Company and Teichert.

Geography and Climate

The geography in the city is dominated by the America and Sacramento rivers and their confluence. The climate is Mediterranean, with mild and wet winters and hot and dry summers. Snowfall is relatively rare and even when it does snow, the flakes are light and don’t stick to the ground. Sacramento is one of the sunniest places in the world in the period between June and September.

Population of Sacramento

Sacramento is ethnically and racially very diverse. It has a large Hispanic or Latino population (Mexican, Puerto Rican, Salvadoran, Guatemalan and Nicaraguan), as well as Asian (Chinese, Hmong, Filipino, Indian, Vietnamese, Laotian, Japanese, Pakistani, Korean, Thai and Cambodian). In 2002, Time magazine, in collaboration with the Harvard University Civil Rights project, named Sacramento one of the most racially and ethnically integrated major cities in the USA.

Culture and Tourism in Sacramento

The oldest part of the city is Sutter’s Fort, today part of a state-protected park. The second-oldest part is Old Sacramento, famous for its historic buildings and cobbled streets. Most of the mid-19th century buildings have been restored and serve as one of the city’s most important tourist attractions.

Sacramento has the largest number of community theaters in California. Professional theatre is also represented with several companies, most notably the California Musical Theatre, the Sacramento Theatre Company, and the events such as the Sacramento Shakespeare Festival.

The Crocker Art Museum, the oldest museum west of Mississippi, is one of the best museums in Sacramento. Other notable museums include the California Museum for History, Women and the Arts, the Leland Stanford Mansion State Historic Park, the California State Railroad Museum and the Sacramento History Museum.

Sacramento has a rich alternative music scene, especially for hardcore and metal bands. Some of the famous bands based in Sacramento include Trash Talk, Deftones, Cake, Papa Roach, Tera Melos, Death Grips and Hella.

Food culture is becoming more and more prominent in Sacramento. Guy Fieri of Food Network owns a fusion restaurant in Sacramento and the city is also home to the famous chef and author Biba Caggiano.

Education

The major university in the city is Sacramento State (officially California State University, Sacramento). There is also a campus of the University of California located in the nearby Davis, called UC Davis. The UC Davis Medical Center is one of the best hospitals in the country. In addition, there are several two-year public colleges in the city and its surroundings. As for the private universities and colleges, the most important ones include the Art Institute of California-Sacramento, the National University Sacramento and the University of Pacific McGeorge School of Law, as well as extensions and campuses of the University of Southern California and the University of San Francisco.

Transportation

As for the transportation, Sacramento is served by the Sacramento International Airport, Amtrak trains (Capitol Corridor, San Joaquins route, Coast Starlight and California Zephyr), and the major highways include I-80, I-5, U.S Route 50, State Route 99 and State Route 160. The Sacramento Regional Transit District is the ninth-busiest in the USA.

Statistical data for the Sacramento city - Sacramento County (part), California

Data Source : US Census Bureau

Racial makeup

Total
466,488
White alone
210,00645.02 %
Black or African American alone
68,33514.65 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
5,2911.13 %
Asian alone
85,50318.33 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
6,6551.43 %
Some Other Race alone
57,57312.34 %
Two or More races
33,1257.10 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin

Total
466,488
Not Hispanic or Latino
341,21273.14 %
Hispanic or Latino
125,27626.86 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race

Total
466,488
Not Hispanic or Latino
341,21273.14 %
White alone
161,06247.20 %
Black or African American alone
64,96719.04 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
2,5860.76 %
Asian alone
83,84124.57 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
6,3921.87 %
Some Other Race alone
1,2530.37 %
Two or More races
21,1116.19 %
Hispanic or Latino
125,27626.86 %
White alone
48,94439.07 %
Black or African American alone
3,3682.69 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
2,7052.16 %
Asian alone
1,6621.33 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
2630.21 %
Some Other Race alone
56,32044.96 %
Two or More races
12,0149.59 %

Median Age by Sex

Both sexes
33
Male
32
Female
34

Household Type

Total
174,624
Family households
103,73059.40 %
Husband-wife family
65,55663.20 %
Other family
38,17436.80 %
Male householder, no wife present
10,53427.59 %
Female householder, no husband present
27,64072.41 %
Nonfamily households
70,89440.60 %
Householder living alone
53,34275.24 %
Householder not living alone
17,55224.76 %

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Actual weather in Sacramento city - Sacramento County (part), California

City Alias ZIP Codes
AntelopeSacramento95843
SacramentoCa Brm Zip94299
SacramentoCa State Dmv95894
SacramentoFranchise Tax Board95840
SacramentoFranchise Tax Brd Refunds95867
SacramentoFruitridge95820
SacramentoNorth Highlands95821
SacramentoNorth Sacramento95815
SacramentoSacramento95821, 95817, 95818, 95819, 95824, 95820, 95823, 95822, 95825, 95816, 94295, 94296, 94297, 94298, 94299, 95814, 95811, 95812, 95813, 95815, 95826, 95899, 95827, 95842, 95894, 95851, 95852, 95853, 95860, 95864, 95865, 95866, 95867, 95841, 95840, 95838, 95828, 95829, 95830, 95831, 95832, 95833, 95834, 95835, 95836, 95837, 95887, 94203, 94246, 94247, 94248, 94249, 94250, 94252, 94254, 94256, 94257, 94258, 94259, 94261, 94262, 94263, 94245, 94244, 94240, 94204, 94205, 94206, 94207, 94208, 94209, 94229, 94230, 94232, 94234, 94235, 94236, 94237, 94239, 94267, 94268, 94284, 94285, 94286, 94293, 94291, 94290, 94289, 94288, 94287, 94294, 94283, 94269, 94271, 94273, 94274, 94277, 94278, 94279, 94280, 94282, 94211
SacramentoWalsh Station95826
West SacramentoBroderick95605
West SacramentoBryte95605
West SacramentoRiver Bank95605
West SacramentoW Sacramento95799, 95605, 95691, 95798
West SacramentoWest Sacramento95799, 95798, 95605, 95691
West SacramentoWest Sacto95798

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