Atlanta city, Georgia

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Atlanta city - Fulton County (part), Georgia

Fulton County (part), Georgia
Nickname(s):Hotlanta, ATL, The City in a Forest, The A, The Gate City.
Population
- Total:391.711 (2010)
- Density:3.084,3/sq mi (1.197,9/sq km)
Area code(s):404, 470, 678, 770
Time zone:EST (UTC-5)
Summer Time zone:EDT (UTC-4)
Website:www.atlantaga.gov
Area
- Total:128 sq mi (330 sq km)
- Land:127 sq mi (327 sq km)
- Water:2 sq mi (3 sq km)
- % water:0,91 %
Latitude:+33.7626531
Longitude:-084.4132477

Atlanta city - Fulton County (part) is located in the state of Georgia. It occupies the area of 128 square miles. 2 square miles are water areas and 127 square miles remain for land areas. Center of the Fulton County (part) lies at +33.7626531, -084.4132477 coordinates. According to the 2010 Census, there are 391.711 living in the Fulton County (part). The racial makeup shows these 3 races as the most frequent : Black or African American (55.04%), White (37.17%) and Asian (3.24%). Median age is 32 for the males and 33 for the females.

Statistical data for the Fulton County (part) based on the 2010 U.S. Census

Racial makeup

Total
391,711
White alone
145,59437.17 %
Black or African American alone
215,59955.04 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
9350.24 %
Asian alone
12,6863.24 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
1230.03 %
Some Other Race alone
9,0312.31 %
Two or More races
7,7431.98 %

History of Atlanta

The first settlement in the area of present-day Atlanta was established in relation to the efforts to build the Western and Atlantic Railroad. It was decided that the terminus of the railroad would be located in what is now the district of Five Points in Atlanta. In 1836, the settlement was named Terminus and then renamed Thrasherville. In 1842, the town had 30 residents and it was called Marthasville. The town was renamed yet again, this time called Atlanta, and incorporated in 1847. The town population grew quickly and by the beginning of the Civil War it had more than 9,000 inhabitants. When the Civil War started, Atlanta was the distribution hub for military purposes. The Union Army began the invasion of northern Georgia in 1864. Atlanta and its surroundings saw many battles, the worst of which was the Battle of Atlanta, followed by a four-month siege of the city by the Union General Sherman. The Confederate troops started retreating from the city on September 1, 1864, destroying everything in the city that might represent an asset for the Union. On September 7, General Sherman ordered the evacuation of the people from the city and on November 11 Union troops burned Atlanta to the ground, destroying everything except for hospitals and churches.

The city started to rebuild immediately after the end of the war. One of the biggest advantages of Atlanta was always its superior railroad network, which is why the state capital moved there from Milledgeville in 1868.

The most significant growth of Atlanta took place in the first decades of the 20th century. The suburbs grew quickly and the cityscape was enriched with a number of new skyscrapers. However, this period was also marked by racial tensions (Atlanta Race Riot of 1906 and lynching of Leo Frank in 1915) and also by the devastating Great Atlanta Fire of 1917.

In the 1960s, Atlanta was one of the centers of the Civil Rights Movement. It was the birthplace of Martin Luther King, Jr. and Ralph Abernathy, and the students of the historically black colleges also played the vital role in the efforts of the Movement. However, reaching civil liberties and abolishing segregation was a slow process and there were still some isolated acts of racism present in the city. By 1970, African Americans were a majority in Atlanta. The first black mayor of the city was elected in 1973 and his tenure was not only important for the black community but also for the entire city, as he modernized the city and consolidated its role of a major transportation center. The 1996 Olympics in Atlanta were decisive for the city economy and infrastructure and marked a new period of changes that came in the 2000s. During the last decade, the city has changed in terms of demographics and economy. Due to an economy boom, suburbanization, gentrification and rising prices, as well as a new wave of immigrants, the black population in was reduced from 67% in 1994 to 54% in 2010.

Geography and Climate

Atlanta is situated on the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains and on a ridge south of the Chattahoochee River. It has a high elevation compared to other southeastern cities, meaning it has a more temperate climate. The summers in the city are long, hot and humid and the winters are cool. Atlanta gets plenty of rainfall throughout the year.

The city has 242 official neighborhoods. The major high-rise districts are Downtown, Midtown and Buckhead. These three business districts are surrounded by medium- and low-density neighborhoods. The east side is known for its streetcar suburbs, while the west side used to feature factories and warehouses now turned into retail space, galleries and housing. Northwest Atlanta is the poorest and with highest crime rates, while southwest Atlanta, with the historic West End, retains the suburban postwar structure.

Economy

Atlanta has the eighth-largest economy in the USA and the highest concentration of Fortune 500 companies, most notably Coca-Cola, UPS, The Home Depot and AT&T. The city is also a major media center, with headquarters of CNN, Turner Broadcasting System and The Weather Channel. Transportation and logistics remain one of the most important economy sectors in Atlanta, not only because of the railroad nexus it is famous for, but also because of the Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta Airport, the world’s busiest airport.

Population

Atlanta is known for being one of the most multi-cultural cities in the USA. Still, despite the affluence of new immigrants and cultures, the typical Southern culture, as well as the African-American culture, remains very strong in the city.

Culture, Education and Sports

Atlanta Opera, Atlanta Ballet, Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and Alliance Theater are among the most important cultural institutions in the city. Some of the best museums include High Museum of Art, the Museum of Design Atlanta and Atlanta Contemporary Art Center. The city has always been a major music center, from the Southern rock expansion in 1970s  to 1990s and Atlanta hip-hop. Today Atlanta has one of the most thriving indie music scenes in the country.

Tourism is also an important source of revenue for Atlanta and some of the major attractions include the famous Georgia Aquarium, the Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site, Margaret Mitchell House and Museum, Atlanta Cyclorama and Civil War Museum and The World of Coca-Cola.

Some of the best colleges and universities in Atlanta are Georgia Institute of Technology, Georgia State University, Emory University and Atlanta University Center.

As for the sports, Atlanta is home to the MLB’s Atlanta Braves, NBA’s Atlanta Hawks and NFL Atlanta Falcons.

Statistical data for the Atlanta city - Fulton County (part), Georgia

Data Source : US Census Bureau

Racial makeup

Total
391,711
White alone
145,59437.17 %
Black or African American alone
215,59955.04 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
9350.24 %
Asian alone
12,6863.24 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
1230.03 %
Some Other Race alone
9,0312.31 %
Two or More races
7,7431.98 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin

Total
391,711
Not Hispanic or Latino
370,83494.67 %
Hispanic or Latino
20,8775.33 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race

Total
391,711
Not Hispanic or Latino
370,83494.67 %
White alone
137,36637.04 %
Black or African American alone
213,11557.47 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
7140.19 %
Asian alone
12,6003.40 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
1070.03 %
Some Other Race alone
6840.18 %
Two or More races
6,2481.68 %
Hispanic or Latino
20,8775.33 %
White alone
8,22839.41 %
Black or African American alone
2,48411.90 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
2211.06 %
Asian alone
860.41 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
160.08 %
Some Other Race alone
8,34739.98 %
Two or More races
1,4957.16 %

Median Age by Sex

Both sexes
33
Male
32
Female
33

Household Type

Total
172,218
Family households
74,22143.10 %
Husband-wife family
38,62052.03 %
Other family
35,60147.97 %
Male householder, no wife present
6,89319.36 %
Female householder, no husband present
28,70880.64 %
Nonfamily households
97,99756.90 %
Householder living alone
76,84778.42 %
Householder not living alone
21,15021.58 %

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Actual weather in Atlanta city - Fulton County (part), Georgia

City Alias ZIP Codes
AtlantaAtl30321, 30394, 30359, 30328, 30392, 30360, 30388, 30342, 30330, 30385, 30343, 30327, 30396, 31107, 30322, 30358, 31106, 30324, 30344, 30325, 30398, 30326, 30384, 30331, 30361, 30340, 30338, 30371, 30370, 30364, 30369, 30339, 30368, 30353, 30374, 30337, 30375, 30332, 30380, 30333, 30378, 30341, 30334, 30377, 30336, 30362, 30366, 30320, 31156, 30307, 30329, 30308, 30355, 30309, 31150, 30310, 30349, 31146, 31192, 30306, 30354, 30301, 30302, 31196, 30303, 31195, 30304, 30350, 30305, 31193, 30311, 31139, 30317, 30318, 30346, 31131, 30319, 30357, 31126, 30345, 31119, 30316, 30356, 30315, 30312, 30348, 30314, 31141, 30313, 31145
AtlantaAtlanta30360, 30364, 30366, 30353, 30363, 30359, 30361, 30362, 30356, 30358, 30357, 30354, 30355, 30368, 31107, 31119, 31126, 31131, 31136, 31139, 31141, 31145, 31146, 31150, 31156, 31192, 31193, 31195, 31106, 30398, 30396, 30369, 30370, 30371, 30374, 30375, 30377, 30378, 30380, 30384, 30385, 39901, 30388, 30392, 30394, 31196, 30331, 30308, 30339, 30328, 30307, 30306, 30313, 30305, 30304, 30315, 30327, 30309, 30329, 30310, 30332, 30333, 30334, 30336, 30322, 30337, 30330, 30311, 30338, 30312, 30340, 30316, 30341, 30319, 30321, 30346, 30320, 30348, 30349, 30317, 30318, 30314, 30350, 30344, 30343, 30326, 30303, 30325, 30324, 30345, 30342, 30302, 30301
AtlantaAtlanta Ndc31196, 31195
AtlantaAtlanta Postal Credit Union30380
AtlantaAtt Bellsouth30375, 30385
AtlantaAvon30388
AtlantaBank Of America30398
AtlantaBankamerica Corporation30384
AtlantaBriarcliff30329
AtlantaChamblee30366, 30341, 39901
AtlantaCollege Park30349, 30337
AtlantaCumberland30339
AtlantaDoraville30340, 30360, 30362
AtlantaDruid Hills30333
AtlantaDunwoody30356, 31146, 30338, 30346, 30360
AtlantaEast Point30344, 30364
AtlantaEmbry Hls31141
AtlantaEmory University30322
AtlantaFort Mcpherson30330, 30310
AtlantaFt Mcpherson30330
AtlantaGeorgia Power30396
AtlantaGeorgia State University30303
AtlantaGeorgia Tech30332
AtlantaHapeville30354
AtlantaIndustrial30336
AtlantaIrs Service Center39901
AtlantaLenox Sq Finance31126
AtlantaLenox Square Finance31126
AtlantaLittle Five Points Pstl Str30307
AtlantaLogistics & Distribution Ctr30320
AtlantaMellon Bank31192
AtlantaNewgistics31136
AtlantaNorth Atlanta30319
AtlantaNorth Highland Finance30306
AtlantaNorth Springs30338
AtlantaNorthlake31145
AtlantaOverlook Sru30339
AtlantaPerimeter Center Finance31146
AtlantaSandy Spgs31150, 30339, 31156, 30342, 30350, 30358, 30338, 30319, 30327, 30328
AtlantaSandy Springs31150, 30327, 30328, 30358, 30350, 30338, 31156, 30319, 30339, 30342
AtlantaSmyrna30339
AtlantaSuntrust30368
AtlantaTuxedo30342
AtlantaU S P S Bulk Mail Ctr30369
AtlantaVinings30339
AtlantaVinnings30339
AtlantaWells Fargo31193
AtlantaWinters Chapel30360
MariettaAtlanta Naval Air Station30060

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