Albuquerque city, New Mexico

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Albuquerque city - Bernalillo County (part), New Mexico

Bernalillo County (part), New Mexico
Nickname(s):The Duke City
Founded:1706
Incorporated:1891
Population
- Total:545.852 (2010)
- Density:2.888,1/sq mi (1.120,8/sq km)
Area code(s):505
Time zone:MST (UTC-7)
Summer Time zone:MDT (UTC-6)
Website:www.cabq.gov
Area
- Total:190 sq mi (492 sq km)
- Land:189 sq mi (487 sq km)
- Water:2 sq mi (5 sq km)
- % water:1,02 %
Latitude:+35.1110036
Longitude:-106.6220318

Albuquerque city - Bernalillo County (part) is located in the state of New Mexico. It occupies the area of 190 square miles. 2 square miles are water areas and 189 square miles remain for land areas. Center of the Bernalillo County (part) lies at +35.1110036, -106.6220318 coordinates. According to the 2010 Census, there are 545.852 living in the Bernalillo County (part). The racial makeup shows these 3 races as the most frequent : White (69.72%), Some Other Race (15.03%) and Two or More races (4.61%). Median age is 34 for the males and 37 for the females.

Statistical data for the Bernalillo County (part) based on the 2010 U.S. Census

Racial makeup

Total
545,852
White alone
380,55269.72 %
Black or African American alone
17,9333.29 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
25,0874.60 %
Asian alone
14,4502.65 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
6130.11 %
Some Other Race alone
82,05815.03 %
Two or More races
25,1594.61 %

History of Albuquerque

Albuquerque was founded in 1706 as a Spanish military outpost and a small agricultural community. After 1821, Mexico held a military garrison in the city. Ever since its foundation Albuquerque was under heavy Spanish influence, which can be noted in the outline of the city - there is a central plaza, surrounded by homes, churches and government buildings. Today, this area is known as the “Old Town.”

A federal garrison was established in the city after the United States occupied New Mexico. During the Civil War, the Confederate troops occupied Albuquerque and the Battle of Albuquerque was fought on April 8 of the same year. Railroad reached the town in 1880 and soon new settlers followed, mostly merchants and mountain men. Albuquerque was incorporated as a town in 1885 and as a city in 1891.

By the turn of the century, the city had 8.000 inhabitants and all the necessary infrastructures, including an electric street car. In the early 20th century, many tuberculosis sufferers came to Albuquerque because the dry climate in the city was beneficial for their condition. As a result, many health care establishments were opened, many of which are still in use. First travelers along the Route 66 came in 1926 and the city opened a number of motels, hotels, restaurants and other businesses to accommodate them. The route ran through the city until 1937, when it was rerouted.

The city gained prominence during the Atomic Age, after Kirtland Air Force Base and Sandia Base were opened in 1939 and 1940 respectively. In the next decades the city continued to spread outwards, which caused a decline in the urban center, a fate that Albuquerque shared with many other American cities. Many historic buildings were destroyed during the 1960s and the 1970s and replaced with modern plazas, parking lots and skyscrapers.

Geography and Climate

Albuquerque has a total area of 181.3 square miles, most of which is water. The city is located at the northern section of the Chihuahuan Desert eco-region in central New Mexico, near the edge of the Colorado Plateau. It has one of the highest elevations among major U.S. cities, ranging from 4,900 feet at the Rio Grande to 6,700 feet at the foothills of Glenwood Hills and Sandia Heights.

The climate in the city is semi-arid, sunny, dry and hot. Winter is short and not too cold, spring and fall are warm and often windy and summer is long and hot. Heat is tolerable in the city since the humidity is low, except for late summer when there is some extra moisture.

Albuquerque Cityscape

The highest building in Albuquerque is Bank of Albuquerque Tower with 22 floors. The skyline in Albuquerque is lower than what would be expected for a city of its size, however the nature of soil in the city is not favorable for very high structures. The nighttime cityscape of Albuquerque is quite unique, as many buildings in the center are illuminated at night in bright colors, such as blue, green and yellow.

Population

At the 2010 U.S. Census, Albuquerque had a population of 545,852, which is a 21.7% increase compared to 2000. The racial makeup in 2010 was 46.7% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 42.1% White, 3.8% Native American, 2.7% Black or African American, 2.5% Asian and 1.8% from two or more races.

The median household income was $38,272 and the per capita income was $20,884.

Albuquerque Economy

Albuquerque represents the center and the largest city in the New Mexico technology Corridor, which consists of high-tech companies and institutions along the course of the Rio Grande.

Largest employers in the city are Kirtland Air Force Base, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque Public Schools, Sandia National Laboratories, Presbyterian Health Systems, State of New Mexico, Lovelace Health System, Intel Corporation, PNM Resources and Bank of Albuquerque.

Intel has a large semiconductor factory in the nearby Rio Rancho and TempurPedic has a mattress factory in northwest Albuquerque.

Albuquerque was ranked the best city in the USA for businesses and careers by Forbes Magazine in 2006.

Points of Interest

Some of the most popular points of interest in the city include Old Town Albuquerque, New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, New Mexico Museum of Holocaust and Intolerance, Albuquerque Museum, Maxwell Museum of Anthropology, University of New Mexico with its Arboretum and the Art Museum, Albuquerque Biological Park, Rio Grande Zoo, Rio Grande Valley State Park and Rio Grande Nature Center State Park, Sandia Peak Aerial Tram, Indian Pueblo Cultural Center, KiMo Theater, Tingley Beach and many more.

Downtown, Uptown and Old Town Albuquerque have a number of small, locally-owned shops, restaurants, bars, cafes and clubs. Ghost tours are available in Old Town through the Southwest Ghosthunters Association.

Education

University of New Mexico is the most important institution of higher education in Albuquerque and the largest public university in New Mexico. Its School of Medicine was among the 50 best medical schools for primary care.

Other institutions of higher education in the city include the National American University, Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute, Trinity Southwest University, as well as the Ayurvedic Institute, one of the first Ayurveda colleges outside of India.

Transportation

The primary airport in the city is Albuquerque International Sunport. Intercity rail transportation is provided by Amtrak with its Southwest Chief train and commuter rail is provided by the New Mexico Rail Runner Express.

Statistical data for the Albuquerque city - Bernalillo County (part), New Mexico

Data Source : US Census Bureau

Racial makeup

Total
545,852
White alone
380,55269.72 %
Black or African American alone
17,9333.29 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
25,0874.60 %
Asian alone
14,4502.65 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
6130.11 %
Some Other Race alone
82,05815.03 %
Two or More races
25,1594.61 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin

Total
545,852
Not Hispanic or Latino
290,79753.27 %
Hispanic or Latino
255,05546.73 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race

Total
545,852
Not Hispanic or Latino
290,79753.27 %
White alone
229,93379.07 %
Black or African American alone
14,8785.12 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
20,6277.09 %
Asian alone
13,6744.70 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
4180.14 %
Some Other Race alone
1,2240.42 %
Two or More races
10,0433.45 %
Hispanic or Latino
255,05546.73 %
White alone
150,61959.05 %
Black or African American alone
3,0551.20 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
4,4601.75 %
Asian alone
7760.30 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
1950.08 %
Some Other Race alone
80,83431.69 %
Two or More races
15,1165.93 %

Median Age by Sex

Both sexes
35
Male
34
Female
37

Household Type

Total
224,330
Family households
133,88759.68 %
Husband-wife family
87,92965.67 %
Other family
45,95834.33 %
Male householder, no wife present
13,85630.15 %
Female householder, no husband present
32,10269.85 %
Nonfamily households
90,44340.32 %
Householder living alone
71,52879.09 %
Householder not living alone
18,91520.91 %

Photos of Albuquerque city - Bernalillo County (part), New Mexico

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Photos on Map - Albuquerque city - Bernalillo County (part), New Mexico

Map of Albuquerque city - Bernalillo County (part), New Mexico

Actual weather in Albuquerque city - Bernalillo County (part), New Mexico

City Alias ZIP Codes
AlbuquerqueAlameda87184, 87114
AlbuquerqueAlbuquerque87199, 87158, 87154, 87153, 87131, 87125, 87123, 87122, 87151, 87121, 87120, 87119, 87176, 87181, 87198, 87197, 87196, 87195, 87194, 87193, 87192, 87191, 87190, 87187, 87185, 87184, 87116, 87112, 87111, 87105, 87104, 87113, 87114, 87103, 87110, 87106, 87101, 87109, 87108, 87115, 87102, 87107
AlbuquerqueFive Points87121
AlbuquerqueKirtland AFB87185
AlbuquerqueLos Padillas87105
AlbuquerqueLos Ranchos87114, 87107
AlbuquerqueLos Ranchos De Abq87107, 87114
AlbuquerqueLos Ranchos De Albuquerque87107, 87114
AlbuquerqueLos Rnchs Abq87114, 87107
AlbuquerqueManzano Base87115
AlbuquerqueMetropolitan Detention Ctr87151
AlbuquerquePublic Service Co87158
AlbuquerqueSandia Base87116, 87115
AlbuquerqueUniv Of New Mexico87196, 87131
AlbuquerqueUniv Of Nm87196
AlbuquerqueUNM87106, 87196, 87131
AlbuquerqueVillage Of Los Ranchos87114, 87107
Kirtland AFBAlbuquerque87117
Rio RanchoAlbuquerque87144, 87174, 87124

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