Philadelphia city, Pennsylvania

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Philadelphia city - Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania

Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania
Nickname(s):Philly, City of Brotherly Love, The City that Loves you Back, Cradle of Liberty, The Quaker City, The Birthplace of America, The City of Neighborhoods
Founded:October 27, 1682
Incorporated:October 25, 1701
Population
- Total:1.526.006 (2010)
- Density:11.303,7/sq mi (4.385,1/sq km)
Area code(s):215, 267
Time zone:EST (UTC-5)
Summer Time zone:EDT (UTC-4)
Website:www.phila.gov
Area
- Total:144 sq mi (371 sq km)
- Land:135 sq mi (348 sq km)
- Water:9 sq mi (23 sq km)
- % water:6,20 %
Latitude:+39.9965045
Longitude:-075.1439530

Philadelphia city - Philadelphia County is located in the state of Pennsylvania. It occupies the area of 144 square miles. 9 square miles are water areas and 135 square miles remain for land areas. Center of the Philadelphia County lies at +39.9965045, -075.1439530 coordinates. According to the 2010 Census, there are 1.526.006 living in the Philadelphia County. The racial makeup shows these 3 races as the most frequent : Black or African American (43.37%), White (41.04%) and Asian (6.32%). Median age is 32 for the males and 35 for the females.

Statistical data for the Philadelphia County based on the 2010 U.S. Census

Racial makeup

Total
1,526,006
White alone
626,22141.04 %
Black or African American alone
661,83943.37 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
6,9960.46 %
Asian alone
96,4056.32 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
7440.05 %
Some Other Race alone
90,7315.95 %
Two or More races
43,0702.82 %

History of Philadelphia

Historically, Philadelphia is one of the most important American cities and site of some of the nation’s most important events. It was founded by William Penn, founder of the Pennsylvania Colony and a Quaker, in 1682. His idea was to create a city on the Delaware River that will serve both as a place of government and as a port. The city grew quickly, its population increased and economically it was strong, so it was only logical that it would become a center for the American revolutionaries. One of the most famous residents at the time was Benjamin Franklin, who helped introduce some of the most vital services, such as the fire department, a hospital and a library.

Before the war, Philadelphia hosted the First Continental Congress and then, during the war, also the Second Continental Congress, which signed the U.S. Declaration of Independence in 1776. After the war ended, the city hosted the Constitutional Convention. It was the capital of the United States between 1790 and 1800.

For a while, Philadelphia was the largest and the most populous city in the United States, but it was soon surpassed by New York. Nevertheless, Philadelphia became the first, and at the time the largest industrial center in the States. In the 19th century the economy in the city thrived and the largest sectors were textiles, ship and engine building and various manufacturing businesses. The city hosted the first ever world fair in USA, the Centennial Exposition, in 1876. The population expanded very quickly with several waves of European immigrants, especially the Irish.

By the turn of the 20th century and in the first few decades, Philadelphia had another population boom, this time in form of African Americans from the South during what is called the Great Migration. The 20th century was initially marked by racial tensions, corruption and crime. Economically, it continued to be one of the America’s most powerful cities. The economy gradually shifted to services, finance and information industry.

Geography and Climate

Geographically, Philadelphia is located on the fall line between the Atlantic Coastal Plain and the Piedmont. It lies along the Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers. The climate in Philadelphia is humid subtropical, which means the summers are hot and muggy and winters are cold, while springs and autumns are mild. As for the snowfall, some winters it is only mild while others it may bring severe snowstorms.

Population

In 2010, Philadelphia had 1,526,006 residents.  The racial makeup was 42.2%  non-Hispanic Black or African American, 36.9% non-Hispanic White, 12.3% Hispanic or Latino, 6.3% Asian, 0.5% Native American, 5.9% some other race and 2.8% two or more races.

The city has the second-largest Irish, Italian and Jamaican communities in the USA, the fourth-largest Polish community and the sixth-largest Jewish community.

In 2009, the median household income was $36,669 and the per capita income for the city was $20,882.

Until the mid-20th century, Philadelphia was the nation’s strongest Republican base, but today it is one of the most Democratic cities in the USA.

Economy of Philadelphia

The largest economic sectors in the city are manufacturing, oil refining, healthcare, biotechnology, food processing, financial services and tourism. Philadelphia is home to the Philadelphia Stock Exchange and many large corporations, most notably Sunoco, Lincoln Financial Group, Colonial Penn, CIGNA, Crown Holdings Incorporated, Wyeth, GlaxoSmithKline, Pep Boys and others.

Philadelphia is a major legal center of the nation. It is home to ten of the 100 largest law firms in the nation, headquarters of the American Law Institute and home to law schools such of Penn, Rutgers, Drexel, Temple and other universities.

It is also home of the first hospital in the colonies, the Pennsylvania Hospital, and the first medical school at the University of Pennsylvania.

Attractions and Culture

The city has over 2 million visitors each year, attracted by the city’s rich history and attractions such as the Liberty Bell, Independence Hall, homes of Edgar Allan Poe, Thaddeus Kosciuszko and Betsy Ross, the Gloria Dei Church, Fort Mifflin and other historic sites.

As for the architecture, the city was in past dominated by Georgian style (Independence Hall) and later by Federal and Greek Revival architecture. The typical Philadelphian home is the row house, from Victorian-styled houses to twin row houses. The largest park in the city is Fairmount Park, which includes the Philadelphia Zoo.

Major museums in the city include the Franklin Institute, the Museum of Natural Sciences, the Mutter Museum, national Constitution Center, African American Museum in Philadelphia, the Rodin Museum, Pennsylvania Academy for the Fine Arts and the Philadelphia Museum of Art.

The Academy of Music is the nation’s oldest opera house, home to the Opera Company of Philadelphia and the Pennsylvania Ballet. Kimmel Center for the Performing Arts houses the Philadelphia Orchestra, one of the best orchestras in the USA.

As for the popular music, Philadelphia was very influential in the 1970s with its own style of soul music and later it was home to a number of prominent hip-hop artists, such as The Roots, and Lisa “Left Eye” Lopes.

Philadelphia is famous for its public art. In fact, the city has more public art than any other in the nation. It also has more murals than any other American city, which is not strange considering Philadelphia was basically the birthplace of graffiti art.

The city is also famous for its cuisine, especially the Philly Cheese Steak, hoagies, soft pretzels and water ice.

Education

Philadelphia is an important center of higher education. It is home to over 80 colleges, universities and specialty schools. It has three major research universities: the University of Pennsylvania, Drexel University and  Temple University, as well as five schools of medicine: the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Temple University School of Medicine, Drexel University School of Medicine, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine and Thomas Jefferson University.

Other institutions of higher learning in the city include Pierce College, The University of the Arts, Philadelphia University, Saint Joseph’s University, La Salle University, University of the Sciences in Philadelphia, Curtis Institute of Music and others.

Sports

Residents of Philadelphia are very passionate about sports. The city is home to the Philadelphia Eagles (NFL), the Philadelphia Flyers (NHL), the Philadelphia Phillies (MLB) and the Philadelphia 76ers (NBA).

Transportation

The city’s primary airport is Philadelphia International Airport (PHL). Philadelphia is Amtrak’s regional hub. The 30th Street Station is the primary stop on Amtrak’s Northeast Corridor and Keystone Corridor services.

In 2011, Philadelphia ranked fifth most walkable city in the USA.

Statistical data for the Philadelphia city - Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania

Data Source : US Census Bureau

Racial makeup

Total
1,526,006
White alone
626,22141.04 %
Black or African American alone
661,83943.37 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
6,9960.46 %
Asian alone
96,4056.32 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
7440.05 %
Some Other Race alone
90,7315.95 %
Two or More races
43,0702.82 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin

Total
1,526,006
Not Hispanic or Latino
1,338,39587.71 %
Hispanic or Latino
187,61112.29 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race

Total
1,526,006
Not Hispanic or Latino
1,338,39587.71 %
White alone
562,58542.03 %
Black or African American alone
644,28748.14 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
3,4980.26 %
Asian alone
95,5217.14 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
4570.03 %
Some Other Race alone
4,1050.31 %
Two or More races
27,9422.09 %
Hispanic or Latino
187,61112.29 %
White alone
63,63633.92 %
Black or African American alone
17,5529.36 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
3,4981.86 %
Asian alone
8840.47 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
2870.15 %
Some Other Race alone
86,62646.17 %
Two or More races
15,1288.06 %

Median Age by Sex

Both sexes
34
Male
32
Female
35

Household Type

Total
599,736
Family households
340,35456.75 %
Husband-wife family
169,58749.83 %
Other family
170,76750.17 %
Male householder, no wife present
36,11921.15 %
Female householder, no husband present
134,64878.85 %
Nonfamily households
259,38243.25 %
Householder living alone
204,71478.92 %
Householder not living alone
54,66821.08 %

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City Alias ZIP Codes
New PhiladelphiaKaska17959
New PhiladelphiaNew Phila17959
New PhiladelphiaNew Philadelphia17959
New PhiladelphiaSilver Creek17959
New PhiladelphiaValley Furnace17959
Philadelphia30th Street Train Station19104
PhiladelphiaA A R P Ins19187
PhiladelphiaCigna Corporation19192
PhiladelphiaCitibank Delaware19170
PhiladelphiaClassification & Rates Admin19196
PhiladelphiaColonial Penn (Brm)19183
PhiladelphiaColonial Penn Group19181
PhiladelphiaCommerce Bank19195
PhiladelphiaEastwick19153
PhiladelphiaFirm Zip Concept (Brm)19161, 19092
PhiladelphiaFirm Zip Concept (Courtesy)19093, 19162
PhiladelphiaFirst Chicago19194
PhiladelphiaFord Motor Credit Corp19193
PhiladelphiaFranklin Mint19093
PhiladelphiaHosiery Corp Of America19188
PhiladelphiaI R S Service Center19255, 19244
PhiladelphiaLawncrest19111
PhiladelphiaLawndale19111
PhiladelphiaLester19113
PhiladelphiaLynnewood Gardens19150
PhiladelphiaManayunk19127
PhiladelphiaMellon Bank East19175
PhiladelphiaMid City East19102
PhiladelphiaMid City West19103
PhiladelphiaMiddle City East19102
PhiladelphiaMiddle City West19103
PhiladelphiaNational Passport Agency19190
PhiladelphiaOak Lane19126
PhiladelphiaOverbrook Hills19151
PhiladelphiaOverbrook Hls19151
PhiladelphiaPassyunk19148
PhiladelphiaPenn Ctr19102
PhiladelphiaPenn Mutual Ins Co19172
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PhiladelphiaPhiladelphia Ndc19099
PhiladelphiaPnc Bank19182
PhiladelphiaRhawnhurst19111
PhiladelphiaSelective Service System19185
PhiladelphiaSpringfield19118
PhiladelphiaSunmark Industries19184
PhiladelphiaTorresdale South19114
PhiladelphiaUsps Eastern Region Hdqtrs19197
PhiladelphiaVerizon19173
PhiladelphiaVeterans Administration19179
PhiladelphiaWachovia Bank19177, 19178, 19191, 19182, 19171
PhiladelphiaWilliam Penn Annex East19106
PhiladelphiaWilliam Penn Annex West19107
PhiladelphiaWm Penn Anx E19106
PhiladelphiaWm Penn Anx W19107

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