Memphis city, Tennessee

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Memphis city - Shelby County (part), Tennessee

Shelby County (part), Tennessee
Nickname(s):The River City, The Bluff City
Founded:1819
Incorporated:1826
Population
- Total:646.889 (2010)
- Density:2.047,1/sq mi (792,8/sq km)
Area code(s):901
Time zone:CST (UTC-6)
Summer Time zone:CDT (UTC-5)
Website:www.memphistn.gov
Area
- Total:325 sq mi (840 sq km)
- Land:316 sq mi (816 sq km)
- Water:10 sq mi (24 sq km)
- % water:2,86 %
Latitude:+35.1216859
Longitude:-089.9527435

Memphis city - Shelby County (part) is located in the state of Tennessee. It occupies the area of 325 square miles. 10 square miles are water areas and 316 square miles remain for land areas. Center of the Shelby County (part) lies at +35.1216859, -089.9527435 coordinates. According to the 2010 Census, there are 646.889 living in the Shelby County (part). The racial makeup shows these 3 races as the most frequent : Black or African American (63.33%), White (29.39%) and Some Other Race (4.04%). Median age is 31 for the males and 35 for the females.

Statistical data for the Shelby County (part) based on the 2010 U.S. Census

Racial makeup

Total
646,889
White alone
190,12029.39 %
Black or African American alone
409,68763.33 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
1,5490.24 %
Asian alone
10,1461.57 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
3000.05 %
Some Other Race alone
26,1634.04 %
Two or More races
8,9241.38 %

History of Memphis

Memphis always attracted settlers because of its unique location on a large bluff. The area was first inhabited by the Mississippian Culture and later by the Chickasaw tribe. European exploration began in the 16th century with Hernando de Soto and Sieur de La Salle expeditions. The area remained unorganized for the most of the 18th century. Memphis was founded in 1819 and named after the ancient Egypt capital on the Nile. Located high above the Mississippi River, Memphis was safe from flooding, which enabled its growth and development into a transportation center. The city also became one of the largest slave labor markets. The Memphis and Charleston Railroad was completed in 1857 and at the time it was the only east-west railroad in the South.

Tennessee declared secession from the Union in June 1861. The naval Battle of Memphis was fought in June 1862 and the city remained under Union control until the end of the war.

In 1878, a yellow fever outbreak reduced the population of Memphis by 75%. In the 29th century, Memphis became the largest spot cotton and hardwood lumber market in the world. In the 1950s it was also the largest mule market in the world.

In the 1960s, Memphis faced many civil rights issues, from racial tensions to a sanitation workers’ strike. One of the most important events of the century in Memphis was the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. on April 4, 1968 at the Lorraine Motel.

Over the course of the 20th century Memphis made many pivotal contributions to the cultural identity of the American South. It was home to such great names as Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins, Muddy Waters, Johnny Cash, Robert Johnson, B.B. King, Al Green , Isaac Hayes, Alex Chilton, Justin Timberlake, Three 6 Mafia, Jay Reatard and many more.

Geography and Climate

Memphis is located in the southwestern corner of Tennessee, on a bluff along the Mississippi River. Some of its parts spread into northern Mississippi and eastern Arkansas. The total area of the city is 324 square miles, of which 2,76% is water.

The city has a humid subtropical climate. Winter weather is influenced by the Great Plains and also by the Gulf of Mexico and it is characterized by drastic temperature swings. Summer weather comes either from Texas (very hot and humid) or from the Gulf (hot and very humid).Severe thunderstorms are typical for spring months, while ice storms and freezing rain pose a great deal of danger during winter.

Population of Memphis

The racial makeup in Memphis is 62.6% Black or African American, 29.5% non-Hispanic White, 5% Hispanic or Latino, 1,7% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.7% some other race and 1.2% two or more races.

Memphis is the location of the Mason Temple, the international headquarters of the Church of God in Christ, the second-largest Pentecostal denomination in the USA. Martin Luther King, Jr. was killed in this church a day after he delivered his famous “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” speech. The city also has two cathedrals, two stakes of the LDS Church, one Orthodox and one Reform synagogue, as well as a large Muslim community.

Memphis Economy

The city’s central location on the Mississippi River and at the intersection of five freight railroads and two major interstate highways (I-40 and I-55) have contributed largely to its development and transformation into a modern transportation and shipping hub. Memphis International Airport is the second-busiest cargo airport, after Hong Kong and the primary hub for FedEx.

Some of the largest companies based in Memphis include FedEx, AutoZone, International Paper, Allenberg Cotton, Cargill Cotton, ARS/Rescue Rooter, Fred’s, Pinnacle Airlines, First Horizon National Corporation, Baker, Donelson, Bearman, Caldwell & Berkowitz and many more.

Culture and Arts

Memphis has recently been discovered by the movie and entertainment industry. Some of the movies filmed in the city include The People Vs. Larry Flynt, The Silence of the Lambs, The Firm, 21 Grams, Black Snake Moan and Walk the Line.

Memphis has been crucial for the development of pop music, especially genres such as Memphis soul, Memphis jazz, rock’n’roll, gospel, blues, crunk and “sharecropper” country music (as opposed to Nashville’s “rhinestone” country music). Many seminal musicians got their start in the city, most notably Elvis Presley, Johnny Cash, Roy Orbison, Otis Redding, B.B. King and Carl Perkins. Some of historic landmarks related to the popular music in Memphis include Beale Street, reflecting the impact of the city on American blues, the legendary Sun Studio where Elvis, Johnny Cash and others made their first recordings, and the Stax Records, major contributor to the soul music in the 1960s.

As for the visual arts, Memphis is home to the Brooks Museum and Dixon Gallery and Gardens, as well as two art districts - the South Main Art District and Broad Street, both with many art venues, studios, galleries and clubs.

Large annual events in Memphis include Memphis in May, Memphis Italian Festival, Carnival Memphis, Indie Memphis Film Festival and the International Blues Awards.

Education in Memphis

Top colleges and universities in Memphis include University of Memphis, Christian Brothers University, Rhodes College, LeMoyne-Owen College, Harding School of Theology, Baptist College of Health Sciences, Southern College of Optometry and Southwest Tennessee Community College.

Sports

The only major sports league team in the city are the Memphis Grizzlies. Minor leagues are well represented in Memphis and so are the college sports (University of Memphis Tigers, playing at the Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium).

Statistical data for the Memphis city - Shelby County (part), Tennessee

Data Source : US Census Bureau

Racial makeup

Total
646,889
White alone
190,12029.39 %
Black or African American alone
409,68763.33 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
1,5490.24 %
Asian alone
10,1461.57 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
3000.05 %
Some Other Race alone
26,1634.04 %
Two or More races
8,9241.38 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin

Total
646,889
Not Hispanic or Latino
604,89593.51 %
Hispanic or Latino
41,9946.49 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race

Total
646,889
Not Hispanic or Latino
604,89593.51 %
White alone
177,73529.38 %
Black or African American alone
408,07567.46 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
1,1860.20 %
Asian alone
10,0671.66 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
1590.03 %
Some Other Race alone
7420.12 %
Two or More races
6,9311.15 %
Hispanic or Latino
41,9946.49 %
White alone
12,38529.49 %
Black or African American alone
1,6123.84 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
3630.86 %
Asian alone
790.19 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
1410.34 %
Some Other Race alone
25,42160.53 %
Two or More races
1,9934.75 %

Median Age by Sex

Both sexes
33
Male
31
Female
35

Household Type

Total
250,344
Family households
152,99361.11 %
Husband-wife family
74,25348.53 %
Other family
78,74051.47 %
Male householder, no wife present
15,48519.67 %
Female householder, no husband present
63,25580.33 %
Nonfamily households
97,35138.89 %
Householder living alone
80,57182.76 %
Householder not living alone
16,78017.24 %

Photos of Memphis city - Shelby County (part), Tennessee

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Photos on Map - Memphis city - Shelby County (part), Tennessee

Map of Memphis city - Shelby County (part), Tennessee

Actual weather in Memphis city - Shelby County (part), Tennessee

City Alias ZIP Codes
GermantownMemphis38183, 38139, 38138
MemphisBartlett38134, 38184, 38135, 38133
MemphisFederal Express38194
MemphisFirst Tenn National Bank38148
MemphisHickory Hill38115, 38125
MemphisI R S37501, 37544
MemphisInternational Paper Co38197
MemphisMem38134, 38122, 38148, 38120, 38119, 38151, 38118, 38152, 38117, 38181, 38150, 38124, 38147, 38130, 38137, 38128, 38135, 38132, 38127, 38133, 38141, 38126, 38145, 38125, 38136, 38115, 38105, 38174, 38112, 38106, 38111, 38184, 38107, 38109, 38182, 38116, 38187, 38113, 38168, 38114, 38104, 38108, 38173
MemphisMemphis38197, 38194, 38141, 38193, 38190, 38184, 38136, 38188, 38135, 38186, 38137, 38187, 38145, 38166, 38163, 38168, 38157, 38173, 38152, 38174, 38151, 38161, 38150, 38175, 38148, 38177, 38181, 38147, 38182, 38167, 38159, 38115, 38107, 38125, 38124, 38108, 38122, 38111, 38120, 38119, 38112, 38116, 38113, 38118, 38117, 38114, 38109, 38106, 38126, 38103, 38131, 38132, 38101, 38104, 37501, 38130, 37544, 38133, 38128, 38127, 38134, 38105
MemphisMemphis Light Gas And Water38145
MemphisMemphis Networks Dist Ctr38136
MemphisMphs38113, 38174, 38114, 38168, 38187, 38115, 38111, 38137, 38106, 38105, 38184, 38107, 38104, 38108, 38109, 38182, 38134, 38181, 38112, 38133, 38148, 38124, 38147, 38125, 38126, 38145, 38141, 38127, 38128, 38130, 38136, 38132, 38135, 38122, 38150, 38117, 38118, 38152, 38116, 38119, 38151, 38120
MemphisNatl Customer Support Ctr38188
MemphisRegions Bank38147, 38159
MemphisSchering Plough Inc38151
MemphisSharp Electronic Manufac38193
MemphisSoutheast Area38166
MemphisSuntrust Bank38150
MemphisUniv Of Tn38163
MemphisUniversity Of Memphis38152
MemphisUniversity Of Tn38163
MemphisUs Postal Inspect Srvc38161

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