El Paso city, Texas

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El Paso city - El Paso County (part), Texas

El Paso County (part), Texas
Nickname(s):El Chuco
Population
- Total:649.121 (2010)
- Density:2.535,6/sq mi (980,5/sq km)
Area code(s):915
Time zone:MST (UTC-7)
Summer Time zone:MDT (UTC-6)
Website:www.elpasotexas.gov
Area
- Total:257 sq mi (665 sq km)
- Land:256 sq mi (662 sq km)
- Water:2 sq mi (3 sq km)
- % water:0,45 %
Latitude:+31.7901606
Longitude:-106.4131573

El Paso city - El Paso County (part) is located in the state of Texas. It occupies the area of 257 square miles. 2 square miles are water areas and 256 square miles remain for land areas. Center of the El Paso County (part) lies at +31.7901606, -106.4131573 coordinates. According to the 2010 Census, there are 649.121 living in the El Paso County (part). The racial makeup shows these 3 races as the most frequent : White (80.84%), Some Other Race (11%) and Black or African American (3.39%). Median age is 30 for the males and 35 for the females.

Statistical data for the El Paso County (part) based on the 2010 U.S. Census

Racial makeup

Total
649,121
White alone
524,76480.84 %
Black or African American alone
22,0063.39 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
4,7570.73 %
Asian alone
7,7231.19 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
9090.14 %
Some Other Race alone
71,41511.00 %
Two or More races
17,5472.70 %

History of El Paso

For centuries, the area of present-day El Paso was inhabited by various Indian tribes and groups. The first Europeans in the area were the Spanish, who traveled through the area in the mid-1550s. El Paso del Norte (Ciudad Juarez) was founded first, in 1659, on the banks of the Rio Bravo del Norte (Rio Grande) and the actual El Paso was founded in 1680 as a small village that served as the base for the Spanish governance over New Mexico. By the mid-18th century, the area had a number of smaller settlements with a population of over 5,000. The area was known for vineyards, wine and brandy.

After Mexico gained independence in 1821, the area became part of Mexico and remained so until the end of the Mexican War. After several territorial disputes, El Paso became part of the U.S. territory, in 1848. Fort Bliss was established in 1858.

During the Civil War, El Paso sided with the South. After the war, what was once a small village started its transformation into a vibrant frontier community, especially after the arrival of the railroad. It was a town of saloons, brothels and high crime rates, however in 1905 prostitution and gambling were banned and El Paso underwent serious reforms, becoming a modern city. Local economy thrived on commercial, industrial and agricultural businesses and the population was boosted by a number of Mexican refugees and immigrants. The city was perceived as a gateway to Mexico, where gambling and alcohol were not prohibited, which boosted tourism in El Paso.

In the 1980s, Fort Bliss was the largest employer in the city and other sectors included textiles, metals, tourism and food processing. Recently, the city has been experiencing problems with drug trafficking and the economy also suffered due to low labor rates from abroad.

Geography and Climate

El Paso has a rather unique position at the intersection of two countries (USA and Mexico) and three states (Texas, New Mexico and Chihuahua). It lies at 3,800 ft. above sea level and the highest elevation is the North Franklin Mountain at 7,192 ft. The Rio Grande is the largest body of water in the area, creating a natural border between El Paso and Ciudad Juarez. The city is surrounded by the Chihuahuan Desert. It is the only large Texas city on Mountain Time.

El Paso has a hot desert climate, with very hot and dry summers and mild and dry winters. However, the weather in the city can be unpredictable and even bring some snow. A winter storm in 2011 caused schools and businesses to close and a crisis of the utilities.

Some parts of El Paso are susceptible to occasional flooding, especially due to summer monsoonal thunderstorms.

El Paso Cityscape

The city is divided into Central El Paso with Downtown El Paso and Sunset Heights, East El Paso with Ysleta, Far East El Paso-Montana Vista, Mission Valley El Paso, Northwest El Paso, also known as Upper Valley, Northeast El Paso and West Central El Paso.

Some of the tallest buildings in the El Paso skyline are Wells Fargo Plaza (21 floors), Chase Tower, Plaza Hotel and Kayser Building.

Population

The racial makeup in El Paso is 80% Hispanic or Latino (75% Mexican), 15% White, 3.1% Black or African American, 1.2% Asian, 0.5% Native American, 01% Pacific Islander and 2.2% two or more races.

The El Paso area is home of the Ysleta del Sur Pueblo Nation, one of three federally recognized Native American tribes in Texas. This tribal entity comprising of the Tigua Indians has its own governing body and is located between El Paso and Socorro.

In 2010, the median household income in El Paso was $32,124 and the per capita income was $14,338.

Economy

El Paso has offices of more than 70 Fortune 500 companies, such as Boeing, Eureka, Delphi and The Hoover Company. Some of the large companies with headquarters in the city include Western Refining, Spira Footwear, Fred Loya Insurance and Helen of Troy Limited.

Fort Bliss is the largest employer in El Paso and a major contributor to the local economy. It is the site of the U.S. Army’s Air defense Artillery Center and produces $80 million in services and products each year.

Other large employers include El Paso Independent School District, Ysleta Independent School District, City of El Paso and University of Texas at El Paso.

Museums and Culture

El Paso area has several important museums, most notably the Centennial Museum and Chihuahuan Desert Gardens, El Paso Museum of Archaeology, El Paso Museum of Art, El Paso Museum of History, Fort Bliss Museums and Study Center, the Magoffin Homestead, The National Border Patrol Museum, Gene Roddenberry Planetarium and Lynx Exhibits. Other points of interest include the Plaza Theatre, McKelligon Canyon, El Paso Zoo, Plaza Hotel, Ysleta Mission, Chamizal National Memorial, Union Depot and Franklin Mountains State Park.

The city has been home to authors and writers such as Cormac McCarthy, Raymond Carver, Pat Mora, Debbie Reynolds and Tom Lea.

Education

El Paso is home of the University of Texas at El Paso, Texas Tech University Health Sciences El Paso Campus, Park University, Webster University, Texas Tech University - Paul L. Foster School of Medicine, El Paso Community College, International Business College and Western Technical College.

 

Transportation

The city is served by the El Paso International Airport and Amtrak (Sunset Limited) at the historic Union Depot.

Statistical data for the El Paso city - El Paso County (part), Texas

Data Source : US Census Bureau

Racial makeup

Total
649,121
White alone
524,76480.84 %
Black or African American alone
22,0063.39 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
4,7570.73 %
Asian alone
7,7231.19 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
9090.14 %
Some Other Race alone
71,41511.00 %
Two or More races
17,5472.70 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin

Total
649,121
Not Hispanic or Latino
125,40019.32 %
Hispanic or Latino
523,72180.68 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race

Total
649,121
Not Hispanic or Latino
125,40019.32 %
White alone
92,42673.70 %
Black or African American alone
18,15514.48 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
1,6331.30 %
Asian alone
7,0925.66 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
7370.59 %
Some Other Race alone
5430.43 %
Two or More races
4,8143.84 %
Hispanic or Latino
523,72180.68 %
White alone
432,33882.55 %
Black or African American alone
3,8510.74 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
3,1240.60 %
Asian alone
6310.12 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
1720.03 %
Some Other Race alone
70,87213.53 %
Two or More races
12,7332.43 %

Median Age by Sex

Both sexes
33
Male
30
Female
35

Household Type

Total
216,894
Family households
162,04974.71 %
Husband-wife family
105,25464.95 %
Other family
56,79535.05 %
Male householder, no wife present
11,98521.10 %
Female householder, no husband present
44,81078.90 %
Nonfamily households
54,84525.29 %
Householder living alone
46,56584.90 %
Householder not living alone
8,28015.10 %

Photos of El Paso city - El Paso County (part), Texas

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Photos on Map - El Paso city - El Paso County (part), Texas

Map of El Paso city - El Paso County (part), Texas

Actual weather in El Paso city - El Paso County (part), Texas

City Alias ZIP Codes
El PasoBiggs Field79908
El PasoEl Paso88539, 88538, 88536, 88535, 88534, 88533, 88532, 88531, 79999, 88540, 88548, 88547, 88546, 88545, 88544, 88543, 88542, 88541, 88530, 88529, 88528, 88510, 88511, 88512, 88513, 88514, 88515, 88516, 88517, 88518, 88519, 88520, 88521, 88523, 88524, 88525, 88526, 88527, 88549, 88550, 88574, 88575, 88576, 88577, 88578, 88579, 88580, 88581, 88582, 88583, 88584, 88585, 88586, 88587, 88588, 88589, 88590, 88573, 88572, 88571, 88553, 88554, 88555, 88556, 88557, 88558, 88559, 88560, 88561, 88562, 88563, 88565, 88566, 88567, 88568, 88569, 88570, 88595, 79998, 79901, 79923, 79924, 79925, 79926, 79927, 79928, 79929, 79930, 79932, 79934, 79935, 79936, 79937, 79938, 79922, 79920, 79931, 79902, 79903, 79904, 79905, 79906, 79907, 79908, 79910, 79911, 79912, 79913, 79914, 79915, 79917, 79940, 79996, 79951, 79952, 79953, 79954, 79980, 79958, 79960, 79961, 79968, 79976, 79997, 79978, 79990, 79995, 79955, 79947, 79944, 79945, 79949, 79943, 79946, 79950, 79942, 79941, 79948
El PasoEl Paso Electric Co79960
El PasoEl Paso Natural Gas79978
El PasoEl Paso Water Utilities79961
El PasoHorizon City79927, 79928
El PasoM Bank79958
El PasoSocorro79927, 79928, 79929
El PasoSouthern Union Gas Co79976
El PasoUniv Of Tx Elp79968
El PasoWBAMC79920
El PasoWells Fargo Bank79980
El PasoYsleta Del Sur Pueblo79907, 79927
El PasoYsleta Sur79907, 79927
Fort BlissEl Paso79916, 79918

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